Script Type : minuscule
Date : This particular example of a late insular minuscule is from the early 12th century.
Location : England
Function :document hand
|One entry from a page of manumission of serfs, from the early 12th century, bound in with the Exeter Book of Anglo-Saxon poems (Exeter. Chapter Library, No.3501) (From New Palaeographical Society 1903, Pl. 10)|
|Pass cursor over letters to see enlarged examples taken from the page illustrated above.|
Distinctive letters : This is one example from a page containing four manumissions of serfs written in Old English, originally written on a blank page in a gospel book. Each of the manumissions is written in a different hand, but they are all very similar in style, resembling a protogothic script with the addition of particular forms of letters derived from insular minuscule. It is similar to the charter of Henry I to Christ Church, Canterbury, also given as an example on this website, but with the script perhaps a little less formal and approaching that of a protogothic document hand rather than a book hand, but these are subtle variations. The basic letter forms are similar.
Distinctive letters include the f that looks like a capital and extends below the baseline, open g in the lightning bolt form, r which extends below the baseline and s which does likewise. These last two are easily confused. There is an occasional tall s.
The letter y is dotted, but i is not.
There are no examples of j, q, v or z, or at least if the v sound is present it is represented by u.
The Tironian et symbol is used for and.
There is a capitalised N at the end of Amen, a quite common way of indicating the significance of that particular word.
Pass the cursor slowly down and along the lines of script for a transcript. For a little more detail, and to look at the other hands on the page for comparison, proceed to the paleography exercise.
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