The document was drawn up by a notary, as indicated by the notary's mark or sign manual, as well as the written authenticating statement beside it. Each notary had their own individual mark. These could be very elaborate, and seem to have been largely abstract designs, often of great intricacy. The document has no seal, as the notary's mark essentially performs the same function of guaranteeing its authenticity. The notary was also an expert at drafting documents, not just a scribe. The script used was also appropriate to the nature and grade of the document.
Appeal to the Holy See of 1281, from the collection of Rob Schäfer. All images © Rob Schäfer.

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Medieval Writing
Script sample for this example
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

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