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Some letters are variable in form, c and a, for example, appearing in differing degrees of elaboration. Letters at the beginnings of words are sometimes different, even when they do not represent a capital. For example, while j might appear to be differentiated from i, i has the same form as j when it appears at the beginning of a word. Similarly, u and v are usually identical, but both letters assume the angular form at the beginning of a word. The letters k and w appear in English names, while w and z both appear in the word warantizabimus.
Note that in the transcript I have used z for the abbreviation for the suffix -us. This is not technically correct, as it is really a specific abbreviation mark which superficially resembles a z. Unfortunately computer fonts are seriously lacking in their capacity to reproduce medieval letters and abbreviation marks.
13th century charter of the abbey of Wilton (British Library, Harleian Charter 45 A36). All images by permission of the British Library.

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Medieval Writing
Script sample for this example
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This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 12/5/2005.