Click on button beside each word to indicate how it is abbreviated in the text.  
This is just a sample, as the text is heavily abbreviated. As well as standard forms, such as using a character like z for the -us suffix, and some unusual flourishes such as are used for -us endings on verbs, there are some very abbreviated words which are commonplace in charters, so they can merely be indicated, like pertinentibus. To find all the abbreviations, check through the text with the transcript window open for reference.
Private charter of Richard and Elizabeth Redmayn, of 1417 (British Library, Harleian Charter 112 C 30). All images by permission of the British Library.

| overview | seal | text | alphabet | abbreviations | structure | exercises |

| transcript | translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample for this example
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

If you are looking at this page without frames, there is more information about medieval writing to be found by going to the home page (framed) or the site map (no frames).
This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 23/5/2005.