|Click on the button below each letter or letter combination to indicate an example in the text.|
|The open a which looks like cc and the t with a loop on its back are the most unfamiliar letters. However, extensive use of ligatures changes the appearance of many letters profoundly, so that e often appears in raised form, somewhat entangled with the following letter. While most of these ligatures disappeared in the change to Caroline minuscule, it is intriguing that the tall st was retained, became highly exaggerated in fancy ecclesiastical calligraphy, and even survived into some modern posh book typesetting.|
|Responsiones of Pope Gregory from an 8th century codex of religious writings (Cologne Cathedral Library, MS XCI, f.57b). Images from The New Palaeographical Society, 1905, Plate 57.|
|Click on each of the above to walk your way through a segment of the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.|
|Script sample for this example|
|Index of Exercises|
|Index of Scripts|
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