While there is no word spacing, the words do not run on from line to line. In a couple of places the final letters in a word at the end of a line are written smaller so as to fit them in, as can be seen at the end of the third line. There are a few simple abbreviations. The script, while classified as square capitals, is tending towards the less rigid forms of rustic capitals.

Despite the fancy language, the passage delivers some practical agricultural advice. Poor, dry sandy soil should be ploughed less deeply than rich soil. Fields which have been cropped should lie fallow every alternate year, or be sown to legumes. This is a bit of ancient wisdom which is only now being rediscovered in this age of intensive agriculture.


more text
Virgil's Georgica (Rome, Biblioteca Vaticana, 3256, f.1). (From Steffens 1929, Plate 12b)

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Medieval Writing
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