|Notice that there is a line of musical notation in rubric above each line of text. The notes are depicted without guidelines or staves, presumably intended to jog the no doubt considerable memory of the deacon rather than providing a scientific record of the precise musical forms for posterity. The decorative gold roundels with foliate ornament form multiple variants on the letter O. There are punctuation marks of single dots and triple dots, presumably indicating the length of pauses.|
|Exultet Roll, late 11th century Italian (British Library add ms 30337). All images by permission of the British Library. Images are made available under a Creative Commons licence.|
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