Click on each word to show how it is abbreviated in the text.
This selection only gets you part way there as the passage is heavily abbreviated. Check out the rest from the transcript. Note that some of the abbreviations in this rather informally written note do not use the standard forms for particular suffixes. The endings are simply left off in what is really a shorthand that ignores the finer points of Latin grammar. While we have attempted to reconstruct the correct Latin endings for your clarification, that is not strictly the correct thing to do in an academic transcript. When it is not clear from the abbreviation what the ending should be, the proper procedure is to use an apostrophe, such as garrant' or fac'. That is what the gurus say anyway.
Petition to Henry VI of 1441. (London, National Archives, E28/G8/18). All images by permission of the National Archives.

| overview | recto text | verso text | recto alphabet | verso alphabet |

| recto abbreviations | verso abbreviations | exercises |

| recto transcript | recto translation | verso transcript | verso translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcripts will appear in a separate window so that you can use them for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample for recto
Script sample for verso
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

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This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 25/5/2005.