Click on button beside each word to indicate how it is abbreviated in the text.  
The word Warr for the place name Warwick or Warwickshire has an abbreviation mark at the end. It is not usual to attempt to expand these types of abbreviations, partly because it is not always clear exactly what they should expand to. It was also something of a convention to add abbreviation marks to proper nouns representing people or places, even if no letters are missing. In academic transcripts these are usually indicated with an apostrophe.
Petition to Henry VI of 1441. (London, Natuional Archives, E28/G8/18). All images by permission of the National Archives.

| overview | recto text | verso text | recto alphabet | verso alphabet |

| recto abbreviations | verso abbreviations | exercises |

| recto transcript | recto translation | verso transcript | verso translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcripts will appear in a separate window so that you can use them for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample for recto
Script sample for verso
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

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This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 25/5/2005.