Click on button beside each word to indicate how it is abbreviated in the text.  
The small number of abbreviations in the text include the nomina sacra, as well as some generic forms. These include a superscript dash like an apostrophe to indicate a missing final m; a curly flourish for a final us; and a slash through the descender of p to indicate the syllable per. The examples above are not all of the abbreviations in the text, but represent each type. To find the rest, go through the text pages with the transcript window open.

The validating insignia of the notary or official who drew up the document includes an inscription in Tironian notes, which has been unscrambled in several slightly variant ways in published editions. In the transcript we give the version supplied by Steffens because frankly, I haven't a clue.

Diploma of Charlemagne of AD 781 (Marburg, K. Preussisches Staatsarchiv). (All images from Steffens 1929, Plate 41)

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Medieval Writing
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