|Click on button beside each word to indicate how it is abbreviated in the text.|
small number of abbreviations in the text include the nomina
sacra, as well as some generic forms. These include a superscript dash
like an apostrophe to indicate a missing final m;
a curly flourish for a final us; and a slash
through the descender
of p to indicate the syllable per.
The examples above are not all of the abbreviations in the text, but represent
each type. To find the rest, go through the text pages with the transcript
The validating insignia of the notary or official who drew up the document includes an inscription in Tironian notes, which has been unscrambled in several slightly variant ways in published editions. In the transcript we give the version supplied by Steffens because frankly, I haven't a clue.
|Diploma of Charlemagne of AD 781 (Marburg, K. Preussisches Staatsarchiv). (All images from Steffens 1929, Plate 41)|
|Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.|
|Script sample for this example|
|Index of Exercises|
|Index of Scripts|
If you are looking at this page without frames, there is more information about medieval writing to be found by going to the home page (framed) or the site map (no frames).