This segment of text contains a number of Latinised Old English words, beginning with Saca et Socna et Tol et Theam et Infangenetheof in the third last line. These represent various legal privileges being claimed by the abbey, still phrased in the alliterative and rhythmic Anglo-Saxon vernacular used to confirm them in memory before they were written down in charters. This was common practice in Norman charters, but in this one they do seem to have gone overboard with an extremely long list. Having decided to write their own charter, I guess they didn't want to leave anything to chance.

To investigate what these terms mean, you can try the ORB Guide to Medieval Terms.

more text
previous page
Forged charter of Battle Abbey, mid 12th century. (British Library, Egerton Charter 2211). All images by permission of the British Library.

| overview | text | alphabet | abbreviations | structure | exercises |

| transcript | translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample from this example
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

If you are looking at this page without frames, there is more information about medieval writing to be found by going to the home page (framed) or the site map (no frames).
This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome. Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 28/4/2005.