The text employs some rather elaborate abbreviation marks, and there is a series of complex punctuation marks, presumably designed to give very precise instructions for reading aloud, if only we knew the code.

Some small words, like ad, de or in run into the following words without a space.

more text

Mozarabic liturgy, 10th century (British Library, add. ms. 30844) All images by permission of the British Library.

| overview | images | text | alphabet | abbreviations | ligatures | exercises |

| transcript | translation |

Click on each of the above to walk your way through the text. The transcript will appear in a separate window so that you can use it for reference at any time. These exercises are designed to guide you through the text, not test you, so you can cheat as much as you like.
Medieval Writing
Script sample for this example
Index of Exercises
Index of Scripts

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This site is created and maintained by Dr Dianne Tillotson, freelance researcher and compulsive multimedia and web author. Comments are welcome Material on this web site is copyright, but some parts more so than others. Please check here for copyright status and usage before you start making free with it. This page last modified 23/4/2005.